This page provides general usage and information about Devuan. These are the basics that everybody should know if they want to use Devuan, and is intended to be suitable for anybody not already familiar with Debian.
- Jessie (stable release, equivalent to Debian Jessie)
- Ascii (equivalent to Debian Stretch)
- Ceres (equivalent to Debian Sid)
Differences from Debian
Devuan removes systemd as the default init, and does not rely on systemd-shim to avoid using systemd. As of the Ascii release we are using eudev as the default device manager instead of udev, as it’s now part of the systemd sources. We also include some custom changes of our own, such as artwork and theming, free software developed within our community and some packages suitable for our user base.
Getting and verifying installation images
Find and download your image(s) from files.devuan.org or one of the mirrors. You should also download the
SHA256SUMS.asc files from the same directory as the images.
First verify the integrity of the image(s).
user@GNU/Linux:~$ sha256sum --ignore-missing -c SHA256SUMS
You will now need to get the Devuan developers signing keys and import them.
user@GNU/Linux:~$ gpg --import devuan-devs.gpg
Now verify the SHA256SUMS file is the one signed by the Devuan developers.
user@GNU/Linux:~$ gpg --verify SHA256SUMS.asc
If the signature is reported as good then you can write the image(s) to your bootable media.
Writing an image to bootable media
All Devuan ISO images are hybrid ISOs and may be written to a USB drive using dd.
root@GNU/Linux:~# dd if=filename.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=1M && sync
If you don’t have a spare USB drive you can write the image to a CD or DVD using wodim.
user@GNU/Linux:~$ wodim dev=/dev/sr0 -eject filename.iso
If you want to write an embedded image to an sdcard you will need to install the xz utility.
root@GNU/Linux:~# apt-get install xz-utils
Decompress the image.
user@GNU/Linux:~$ xz -d <filename>.img.xz
Then write it to the sdcard.
root@GNU/Linux:~# dd if=filename.img of=/dev/sdX && sync
Changing the BIOS boot order
In order to boot from your new install media you will have to change the BIOS boot order. It’s not possible to cover the exact steps for doing this as every BIOS is different. You need to enter the BIOS or UEFI interface and change the boot order so that CD/DVD-ROM or USB drives come before hard disk drives. Entering the BIOS is usually as simple as pressing the
Delete key before POST.
The friends of Devuan wiki has an install guide you can follow for installing from your bootable media. As always remember to backup your data first!
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