Devuan install guide

This is an easy to follow guide to installing Devuan from the CD/DVD images for supported hardware. The general advice accompanying this guide is that you should always backup your data before you begin.

Installing Devuan

For the install we are going to use a non graphical installer. This is generally faster than a graphical install and needs less resources. This should be suitable for installing in a virtual machine as well as on physical hardware. Whilst this may be intimidating for new users, there is nothing to be feared as you will be guided through this process.

1) Boot from the CD/DVD or USB drive, and choose the regular Install option.

Devuan install first boot

2) The next few steps will ask about your language, location and keyboard layout.

Keyboard layout

3) The installer will automatically configure the network, wireless network users will have to provide an SSID and passphrase. You will then be asked to choose a host name for your new system. By all means get creative but remember not to use any spaces or special characters.

Machine host name

4) You will also be asked to provide a domain name. If you don't need this or don't know what it is for you should leave it blank.

Domain name

5) It's recommended that you set a root password for Devuan. It's good security practice to use a strong password. You will have to type your password again to make sure that you've set it correctly.

Root password

6) You will now be asked to configure a user account, which you should do in most cases. Unless there is a need to do otherwise leave your full name blank and continue to providing a username.

User name

7) You will need to enter a password and type it again as you did before for root.

User password

8) The installer will now set the clock using NTP. Enter your time zone information and continue with the install.

Configure the clock

9) Before you can install Devuan the disk need to be partitioned. If it's available as an option choosing to use the largest continuous space is recommended. This will preserve existing partitions and not alter them. Otherwise you should use the whole disk if you have no data you need to save.  

If you need full disk encryption see HERE before continuing.

Use largest space

10) Choosing all files in one partition is a sensible option for newcomers. Manual disk partitioning is beyond the scope of this discussion.

All files in one partition

11) It's time to write those partitions to the disk and format them with file systems. If you are happy with the changes choose write to disk and continue. You will need to confirm this before the changes are made.

Write changes to disk

12) The base system will now install. Depending on your hardware this may take some time.

Waiting for the base system install

13) The installer will now ask if you want to use a network mirror. If you have network access this is recommended because you will have access to the latest versions of packages. If you choose to use a network mirror, select your country from the list.

Use a network mirror

14) Any of the provided mirrors will be fine. If there is a mirror close to you then you will be redirected automatically when installing packages.

Use a network mirror

15) Devuan can use popularity contest (popcon) to collect information about the most used packages. This is purely on an opt-in basis and will only collect statistics about packages that are installed from here on in.

Popularity contest

16) The install provides some preset packages you can choose from. Generally the defaults are a good option and you should stick with those.

Software selection

17) The installer will now install the packages you selected. This will take a little time.

Installing software

18) Now that all the sofware you need is installed, the GRUB bootloader will be installed. This allows the operating system to boot after installation. If you are asked to install to the MBR then you should do this usually.

Some setups will require no configuration and the install will now finish.

Installing the grub boot loader

19) It's important to choose the correct bootloader location. It should not be installed to a partition but to the MBR area which is located on the hard disk.

In this case /dev/sda is the only hard disk so we will install it there.

Choose bootloader location

20) The install is finished, remove your installation media to continue to boot in to the Devuan graphical environment.

Finish the install